Tenganan Village is one of the ancient villages with a native Balinese. The walled village is laid out in three parts to suit different functions: dwelling, gardening and rice farming. The houses all sport the same design and are backed off by one central living and trading vein. Tenganan is famous for its Gringsing handmade weaved cloth, which possesses spiritual properties. The village has its own peculiar artistic traditions, the most spectacular of these being the Pandanus leaf duel (Geret Padan) where men fight each other with spiky leaves to the entrancing sounds of native selunding music.
This village has a wide area of approximately 1,500 hectares. Houses and customs were retained as the original. This is because society of Tenganan has customary village rules are very powerful, which they call the awig-awig. In addition, the offspring is also maintained by matings between fellow villagers. Walled villages like fortress. Lawangan or village entrance in the four corners. Tenganan Pegringsingan people call the village of spatial concepts as Jaga Satru (guard from an enemy attack).
The origin of the village of Tenganan Pagringsingan stories related to the Paneges village people while hunting Once Srawa horse, horse of the king’s Bedahulu. The horse will disappear when used as victims in a yadnya ceremony. Later, King Bedahulu sent soldiers to search for in all directions. The group of Paneges people found Once Srawa horse in a dense forest surrounded by small hills in the state is dead. Death is unknown because no scars and signs of disease.
The discovery Once Srawa Horse of the dead was reported to the King Bedahulu. Although King grieve, but he still appreciates the services people Paneges. They were given power over the horse’s body was found with an area as far as the foul smell that dead horse could be kissed. Paneges people smart enough, the horse carcass is cut into pieces and distributed to every corner, so the territory of Peneges people become more widespread. Until theyhear the word of god Indra that they be enough to expand the area.
The place of the Word of God is called Pengulap-ulapan and became a Batu Madeg Temple. Put places pieces that dead horse any established place of worship by signs or symbols in the form of stone, including:
- There north of the temple depicting the genitalia of horses standing upright. Referred to as the Kaki Dukun (Shaman’s feet).
- There’s largest monolith form, called by the name of Stone Taikik. Located near the Kaki Dukun (Shaman’s feet). Residents regard this as a former entrails cut of Once Srawa horse.
- Pule’s hair is a pile of stones arranged time in such a way that is believed to be the former head of horses.
- To the west, there remains believed to be a former horse thigh and called Penimbalan.
- There northwest Jaran Stone, believed to be the first time the horse Srawa Once was found.
Tenganan Village characteristic is the craft of cloth weaving cloth called gringsing. That’s why this village is better known by Tenganan Pegringsingan Village. This is to distinguish it from the village of Tenganan Dauh Tukad or Tenganan as a service village. Gringsing cloth meaning as a kind of repellent reinforcements.
Gringsing derived from the word “gering” which means the plague and “sing” which means no. Gringsing means spared from the plague. This gringsing cloth somewhat unique, authentic and very rare now. Yarn used to weave fabrics of cotton comes from the original Balinese rare and highly complex manufacturing process. It can take up to ten years to produce a good quality gringsing cloth. There are several motifs that gringsing cloth, namely lubeng, wayang putri, wayang kebo, cecempakan, cemplong, dingding sigading, dingsing ai, pepare, pat likur, pedang dasa, semplang, cawet, anteng and others.
As the ancient Balinese village, the Tenganan villagers did not know Nyepi celebrations like other Balinese people. Activity in this village went on as usual, especially the weaving of cloth and paper to write on palm leaves. This is because the Tenganan people are adherents of the sect god Indra. Unlike the other Balinese people are descendants of Majapahit. Tenganan residents are native Balinese, so it is not known Nyepi ceremony. The villagers also did not know Three Heaven Temple, the Temple of the Three must be owned by each village in Bali as a legacy of Mpu Kuturan from Majapahit. Generally Tenganan people who go abroad going home now and take advantage of the celebration of Nyepi as a moment to gather with the family as part of the ancestral traditions and celebrations in honor of Nyepi other Balinese.